Ensuring that the duration between the onset of a stroke and start of its treatment is key to ensuring that you survive the brain attack as well as minimize the brain injury that will result. After the stroke onset, you need to get to an emergency room as quickly as possible and get a brain scan, which will help to identify the type of stroke that has hit you.
For the ischemic type, caused by a blood clot, a drug used for dissolving clots will be used. The drug is called tissue plasminogen activator, and it will lower the disabling damage if administered soon. For hemorrhagic stroke, which is caused by a brain vessel bleeding, lowering blood pressure will be the first action as well as reducing the swelling in the brain. There is a wide variety of symptoms through which stroke can present itself, all of which appear suddenly. The main ones have been highlighted below.
Symptoms of stroke
Weakness or numbness
You may experience weakness or numbness on one side of your body. This can occur in your either arm, leg, or face. A good way of knowing if that is the case is to try to smile, move both legs or lift both arms. If you notice one side is not responding, you may be experiencing a sign of stroke.
Another sign is feeling confused and having trouble speaking. Having trouble in talking or understanding is referred to as aphasia, which may mean that the brain area controlling language may not be receiving enough blood. Strange or slurred speech is a major indicator for this.
Stroke can also result in perception problems including diminished sight and double vision. You may lose your ability to comprehend some basic visual cues such as recognizing someone or objects that are familiar. It is also possible that you will not be able to know the difference between a mirror image and the reflected object.
Experiencing difficulties in walking or loss of balance and coordination can indicate that you have suffered a stroke in the brain part that controls voluntary motion. In addition to having one side of your body numb or weak, even the most basic movement might feel impossible.
Stroke may also can a sudden and severe headache without any known cause. This is mostly experienced with hemorrhagic stroke.