Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an illness which causes high blood sugar levels in the human body over a prolonged period. There are two types of diabetes, type 1 DM and type 2 DM. Symptoms of this condition, when left untreated, include weight loss, high blood sugar which also causes polyuria (frequent urination), and polydipsia (increased thirst). Below are various ways through which you can control the diabetes condition.
How to control diabetes
Surround yourself with a support team
Including your doctor or nurse, also seek support from the following professionals; diabetes educators, nutritionists, endocrinologists, podiatrists, dentists, psychologists, or therapists, depending on how much affected you are.
Lose weight and earn how to live with diabetes
Weight is a major contributor to diabetes, where fat clinging to muscle and vital organs like your liver and pancreas leads to many complications. A patient who is overweight needs to engage and safe weight loss practices for the best results in diabetes control. Learn how to live with the condition by taking classes on diabetes by liaising with health care teams, hospitals, and your area health clinics. Stress can also raise your blood sugar so learn ways to lower it by taking deep breaths, farming, taking walks, yoga, sports, or listening to soft songs among many others things. If you feel low, seek help from a psychiatrist, help groups, friends, or relatives who will listen to your problems to help you feel better.
Feed well and be active
Make an adequate meal plan with help from your nutritionist. Choose foods that do not have too many calories, saturated cholesterol, salt, and sugars. Eat meals with lots of fiber i.e. grain, bread, cereals, or pasta and choose meals with low-fat dairy products. You should also take a lot of water instead of juice and sodas. Set objectives to be more active most days of the week by adopting walks every day. Strive to improve your muscle power by taking up yoga, manual gardening, and any other physical activity that you can do.
Visit a healthcare practitioner
Visit your health care practitioner frequently to identify and treat any illnesses early, to get your blood pressure, foot, and weight checked and to get your self-care plan rechecked as well. Make sure that you get an A 1c Diabetes test which will show how efficiently you are managing your diabetes.
Also, find it important to get a cholesterol exam, a full foot and dental check to examine teeth/ gums, and dilated eye exam to check for eye infections- since diabetes causes a majority of new blindness in humans.