Oral health is essential to the general health of our body and the quality of life we live. It is a state of being free from any oral diseases in the mouth that cause pain. This includes different diseases and disorders that limit a person’s ability to perform certain functions such as chewing, speaking, biting, and your overall well-being. That is why the importance of good oral hygiene is reiterated by dental professionals.
In this article, we will look at the most common oral diseases.
The 4 most common oral diseases
1. Dental cavities
Recent research shows that approximately more than 60% of children going to school and about 90% of adults in the world have dental cavities. This brings a lot of pain and discomfort to them due to this conditions. The tooth decay occurs when you do not take care of your teeth well, and it combines with the small sugars or starches left in the mouth. The combination later produces acids that attack the tooth’s enamel.
2. Severe gum disease
The severe gum disease is found in about 20% of middle-aged adults. It is also linked to heart conditions and also raises the chances of a stroke occurring in the body. This disease infects the gums that are surrounding the teeth and is the number one cause of tooth loss among adults.
3. Mouth Sores
Most people are prone to mouth sores, especially during the cold season. This includes the cold sores, fever blister, ulcers or thrush and others. The sores can make you very uncomfortable and pesky. However, through proper treatment the sores will disappear but if they persist seek more treatment as they could lead to more infections.
4. Oral cancer
Oral cancer is a disease that can be fatal if not taken seriously. It is however not very common, and there are less chances for people to be infected in most countries. However, the prevalence of the cancer is relatively higher in older people, men and among people who come from a poor background. The main cause of the cancer is the consumption of too much alcohol and tobacco. Cancer affects the lips, the mouth, and the throat and if it is diagnosed early, it can be cured.
Having an oral disease is never a fun encounter, but the good news is that most diseases can be easily prevented and treated. Essential things to do to prevent them is brushing your teeth on a daily basis twice, eating well-balanced food, avoiding junk and sugary foods, and having regular dental checkups. Educating yourself about the oral diseases can also go a long way in preventing them.